All that I initially knew about George BERTRAM (163) is that he was listed as the father of Charles Anthony BERTRAM (106), when the latter married Emily TEMPLEMAN (102) on 04 Sep 18821. In the marriage register he is described as a contractor, and is noted as deceased.

In the 1851 census2 , at 32 High Street, Southwold, the head of household was a George BATRAM, aged 30, farmer of 23 acres, born in Henham, Suffolk; Rhoda his wife, aged 30, born in Westhall, Suffolk; Maria, daughter aged 7 born in Wangford, Suffolk; William, son aged 5, born in Wangford, and Ellen Maria, daughter aged 10 months, born in Southwold. There is a reference to the letting of 18 acres of Reydon Town land in Southwold to a Geo. BATRAM for 8 years from 11 Oct 1848 at an annual rent of £313. If this was the same George BERTRAM/BATRAM, then he would still have been farming these 18 acres, plus presumably a few others elsewhere, in 1851.

We know from the 1881 census 4 that the mother of Alice BERTRAM and Charles Anthony BERTRAM, then calling herself Rhoda LAWRENCE, was born in Westhall, and the two children with her in 1881 were born in Southwold. So the 1851 household in Southwold is I think likely to be theirs. A problem however is that, according to the 1881 census, Rhoda's daughter, born in Southwold in about 1850, was called Alice Maria not Ellen Maria. There is no doubt that the name on the 1841 census return is Ellen.

If this George was 30 in 1851, then he was born about 1821, given that his age in the census return may be rounded. There is a George BARTRAM, son of William BARTRAM and Anne, who was baptised on 17 Dec 1820 at Wangford by Southwold5. Wangford is between Henham and Southwold. According to the GENUKI website, the parish of Wangford near Southwold includes the hamlet of Henham. So I have adopted this as the most likely origin for George BERTRAM. There is a record of the marriage of a William BARTRAM and Ann WATLING which took place on 14 Dec 1818 at Bramfield, Suffolk6 . This is the only record I have found of William with Ann as the spouse over the period 1815-1820, and so these are my current best guess for George's parents.

It is perhaps worth noting that Southwold, Westhall and Bramfield form the apices of a triangle with sides around 10 km in length, with Southwold on the coast, Westhall 10 km ENE and Bramfield ESE so that Westhall is some 10 km north of Bramfield. Wangford, Henham and Sotherton also lie within this triangle.

On 14 Nov 1842 a George BERTRAM, of full age, bachelor, labourer, residing at Wangford, son of William BERTRAM, labourer, married a Rhoda BUTLER, of full age, a servant, residing at Sotherton, daughter of Francis BUTLER, labourer. The marriage took place in the parish of Sotherton, Suffolk, and was registered at Blything7. Blything was a registration district in Suffolk which operated between 1837 and 1935 and included Sotherton, Southwold, where both George and Rhoda were living at the time of the 1851 census, and Wangford.

My current best guess is that George and Rhoda had four children:

By the time of the 1861 census13 there is no sign of George. Rhoda BUTTRAM, described as married, but not to the head of household, is at 20 East Street, Southwold, in the household of Hugh LAWRENCE, widower, aged 39, a fish merchant, born in Walberswick, Suffolk, which seems to feed into how Rhoda became Rhoda LAWRENCE (see her page).

So George BERTRAM's movements after 1851 are not known. The name, and its variants, are relatively common, so it is possibly more a question of not finding the right George. Thus, other than the fact that George was listed on his daughter's marriage certificate as dead by Sep 1882, I have not yet found evidence of his death.


1) London, England, marriages and banns, 1754-1921, Marriage register for St. Mary's Church, Bryanston Square, Westminster, from original in the London Metropolitan Archives.
2) 1851 England census, Southwold, HO107, piece 1803, folio 803, p.7, through
3) The Southwold Diary of James Maggs : 1818 -1876, edited by Alan Bottomly and published by the Suffolk Records Society originally in 2 volumes in 1983 and 1984, and reprinted in one volume in 2007.
4) 1881 England census, Paddington, London, RG11 , piece 17, folio 76, p.2. Through
5) Familysearch, based on FHL film 918505, part of a series covering Bishop's transcripts for the Archdeaconry of Suffolk, 1685-1875, this particular film covering just 1820.
6) Familysearch, based on FHL film 481073, which is of a set of transcripts of the church register of Bramfield covering 1539-1596, and 1693-1889, edited by Thomas S. Hill and published by Mitchell and Hughes, London, 1894. There are two other filmings.
7) Marriage certificate. GRO marriage index, Blything, Suffolk, Dec quarter of 1842, vol.13, p.945.
8) Birth certificate. Father George Bartrum, agricultural labourer, mother Rhoda Bartrum formerly Butler. The birth was registered in the sub-district of Wenhaston, district of Blything, Dec quarter of 1843, vol.13, p.391. Maria is also named in the 1851 census, see note 2 above.
9) 1881 England Census, Kensington, RG11, piece 23, folio 101, p.6, through
10) Birth certificate. Father George Bartrum, agricultural labourer. Mother Rhoda Bartrum formerly Butler. The birth was registered in the Wenhaston sub-district, district of Blything, Sep quarter of 1845, vol.13, p.400. William is also named in the 1851 census, see note 2 above.
11) Familysearch, based on parish records, FHL film 918661.
12) Birth certificate. Father George Batram, pork butcher. Mother Rhoda Batram formerly Burtler. The birth was registered in the Wanhaston sub-district, Blything district, Jun quarter of 1850, vol.13, p.439. As infant Ellen Maria she appears in the 1851 census, see note 2 above. As Alice BERTRAM she appears in the 1881 census, see note above.
13) 1861 England census, Southwold, Suffolk, RG9, piece 1183, folio 50, p.4, through

© John Stowell 2011, 2012             This file last edited on 16 March 2012.

Home   |    Back to the Stowell page    |   Surnames

Contact me by E-mail